Communications and publicity by issuers prior to and during a Regulation CF (RegCF) Offering

The idea behind crowdfunding is that the crowd — family, friends, and fans of a small or startup company, even if they are not rich or experienced investors — can invest in that company’s securities. For a traditionally risk-averse area of law, that’s a pretty revolutionary concept.  

In order to make this leap, Congress wanted to ensure that all potential investors had access to the same information. The solution that Congress came up in the JOBS Act with was that there had to be one centralized place that an investor could access that information — the website of the funding portal or broker-dealer that hosts the crowdfunding offering (going forward we will refer to both of these as “platforms”). 

This means (with some very limited exceptions that we’ll describe below) most communications about the offering can ONLY be found on the platform. On the platform, the company can use any form of communication it likes, and can give as much information as it likes (so long as it’s not misleading). Remember that the platforms are required to have a communication channel — basically a chat or Q&A function — a place where you can discuss the offering with investors and potential investors (though you must identify yourself). That gives you the ability to control much of your message. 

So with that background in mind, we wanted to go through what you can and cannot do regarding communications prior to and during the offering. Unfortunately, there are a lot of limitations. Securities law is a highly regulated area and this is not like doing a Kickstarter campaign. Also, bear in mind this is a changing regulatory environment. We put together this guide based on existing law, the SEC’s interpretations that it put out on May 13, and numerous conversations with the SEC Staff. As the industry develops, the Staff’s positions may evolve. 

We do understand that the restrictions are in many cases counter-intuitive and don’t reflect the way people communicate these days. The problems derive from the wording of the statute as passed by Congress. The JOBS Act crowdfunding provisions are pretty stringent with respect to publicity; the SEC has “interpreted” those provisions as much as possible to give startups and small businesses more flexibility. 

What you can say before you launch your offering 

US securities laws regulate both “offers” and sales of securities; whenever you make an offer or sale of securities, that offer or sale must comply with the SEC’s rules. The SEC interprets the term “offer” very broadly and it can include activity that “conditions the market” for the offering. “Conditioning the market” is any activity that raises public interest in your company, and could include suddenly heightened levels of advertising, although regular product and service information or advertising is ok (see discussion below). 

Under new rules which went into effect on March 15, 2021, companies considering making a crowdfunding offering may “test the waters” (TTW) in order to decide whether to commit to the time and 2 expense of making an offering.1 Prior to filing the Form C with the SEC, you may make oral or written communications to find out whether investors might be interested in investing in your offering. The way in which you make these communications (eg, email, Insta, posting on a crowdfunding portal site) and the content of those communications are not limited, but the communications must state that: 

  • No money or other consideration is being solicited, and if sent in response, will not be accepted; 
  • No offer to buy the securities can be accepted and no part of the purchase price can be received until the offering statement is filed and only though the platform of an intermediary (funding portal or broker-dealer); and 
  • A person’s indication of interest includes no obligation or commitment of any kind.2 

You can collect indications of interest from potential investors including name, address, phone number and/or email address. The rule does not address getting any further information, such as the manner of any potential payment. If you do make TTW communications, you must file any written communication or broadcast script as an exhibit to your Form C. And TTW communications are subject to the regular provisions of securities law that impose liability for misleading statements. 

Before the point at which you file your Form C with the SEC, the TTW process is the only way you can make any offers of securities, either publicly or privately. This would apply to meetings with potential investors, giving out any information on forums which offer “sneak peeks” or “first looks” at your offering, and public announcements about the offering. Discussions at a conference or a demo day about your intentions to do a crowdfunding offering must comply with the TTW rules and you should read out the information in the bullets above. Any non-compliant communication made prior to filing the Form C may be construed as an unregistered offer of securities made in violation of Section 5 of the Securities Act — a “Bad Act” that will prevent you from being able to use Regulation CF, Rule 506, or Regulation A in the future. 

Normal advertising of your product or service is permitted as the SEC knows you have a business to run. However, if just before the offering all of a sudden you produce five times the amount of advertising that you had previously done, the SEC might wonder whether you were doing this to stir up interest in investing in your company. If you plan to change your marketing around the time of your offering (or if you are launching your company at the same time as your RegCF offering, which often happens), it would be prudent to discuss this with your counsel so that you can confirm that your advertising is consistent with the SEC’s rules. 

Genuine conversations with friends or family about what you are planning to do and getting their help and input on your offering and how to structure it, are ok, even if those people invest later. You can’t be pitching to them as investors, though, except in compliance with the TTW rules. 

What you can say after you launch 

After you launch your offering by filing your Form C with the SEC, communications outside the platform fall into two categories: 

  • Communications that don’t mention the “terms of the offering”; and 1 We are talking here about Crowdfunding Regulation Rule 206. There is another new rule that permits testing the waters before deciding which type of exempt offering (eg, Regulation CF or Regulation A) to make, which does not preempt state regulation; using that rule may be complicated and require extensive legal advice. 2 We advise including the entirety of this wording as a legend or disclaimer in the communication in question. The convention in Regulation A is that “it it fits, the legend must be included” and if the legend doesn’t fit (eg, Twitter) the communication must include an active hyperlink to it. 3 
  • Communications that just contain “tombstone” information. 

Communications that don’t mention the terms of the offering 

We are calling these “non-terms” communications in this memo, although you can also think of them as “soft” communications. “Terms” in this context are the following: 

  • The amount of securities offered; 
  • The nature of the securities (i.e., whether they are debt or equity, common or preferred, etc.); 
  • The price of the securities; 
  • The closing date of the offering period; 
  • The use of proceeds; and 
  • The issuer’s progress towards meeting its funding target. 

There are two types of communication that fall into the non-terms category. 

First, regular communications and advertising. You can still continue to run your business as normal and there is nothing wrong with creating press releases, advertisements, newsletters and other publicity to help grow your business. If those communications don’t mention any of the terms of the offering, they are permitted. Once you’ve filed your Form C, you don’t need to worry about “conditioning the market.” You can ramp up your advertising and communications program as much as you like so long as they are genuine business advertising (e.g., typical business advertising would not mention financial performance). 

Second, and more interestingly, offering-related communications that don’t mention the terms of the offering. You can talk about the offering as long as you don’t mention the TERMS of the offering. Yes, we realize that sounds weird but it’s the way the statute (the JOBS Act) was drafted. Rather than restricting the discussion of the “offering,” which is what traditional securities lawyers would have expected, the statute restricts discussion of “terms,” and the SEC defined “terms” to mean only those six things discussed above. This means you can make any kind of communication or advertising in which you say you are doing an offering (although not WHAT you are offering; that would be a “term”) and include all sort of soft information about the company’s mission statement and how the CEO’s grandma’s work ethic inspired her drive and ambition. 

You can link to the platform’s website from such communications. But be careful about linking to any other site that contains the terms of the offering. A link (in the mind of the SEC) is an indirect communication of the terms. So linking to something that contains terms could mean that a non-terms communication becomes a tombstone communication (see below) that doesn’t comply with the tombstone rules. This applies to third-party created content as well. If a third-party journalist has written an article about how great your company is and includes terms of the offering, linking to that article is an implicit endorsement of the article and could become a statement of the company that doesn’t comply with the Tombstone rules. 

Whether you are identifying a “term” of the offering can be pretty subtle. While “We are making an offering so that all our fans can be co-owners,” might indirectly include a term because it’s hinting that you are offering equity, it’s probably ok. Try to avoid hints as to what you are offering, and just drive investors to the intermediary’s site to find out more. 

Even though non-terms communications can effectively include any information (other than terms) that you like, bear in mind that they are subject, like all communications, to the securities antifraud rules. So even though you are technically permitted to say that you anticipate launching your “Uber for Ferrets” in 4 November in a non-terms communication, if you don’t have a reasonable basis for saying that, you are in trouble for making a misleading statement. 

Tombstone communications 

A tombstone is what it sounds like — just the facts — and a very limited set of facts at that. Think of these communications as “hard” factual information. 

The specific rules under Regulation CF (RegCF) allow for “notices” limited to the following, which can be written or oral: 

  • A statement that the issuer is conducting an offering pursuant to Section 4(a)(6) of the Securities Act; 
  • The name of the intermediary through which the offering is being conducted and (in written communications) a link directing the potential investor to the intermediary’s platform; 
  • The terms of the offering (the amount of securities offered, the nature of the securities, the price of the securities, the closing date of the offering period, the intended use of proceeds, and progress made so far); and 
  • Factual information about the legal identity and business location of the issuer, limited to the name of the issuer of the security, the address, phone number, and website of the issuer, the e-mail address of a representative of the issuer and a brief description of the business of the issuer. 

These are the outer limits of what you can say. You don’t have to include all or any of the terms. You could just say “Company X has an equity crowdfunding campaign on SuperPortal — Go to to find out more.” The platform’s address is compulsory.

“Brief description of the business of the issuer” does mean brief. The rule that applies when companies are doing Initial Public Offerings (IPOs), which is the only guidance we have in this area, lets those companies describe their general business, principal products or services, and the industry segment (e.g.,for manufacturing companies, the general type of manufacturing, the principal products or classes of products and the segments in which the company conducts business). The brief description does not allow for inclusion of details about how the product works or the overall addressable market for it, and certainly not any customer endorsements. 

“Limited time and availability”-type statements may be acceptable as part of the “terms of the offering.” For example, the company might state that the offering is “only” open until the termination date, or explain that the amount of securities available is limited to the oversubscription amount. 

A few “context” or filler words might be acceptable in a tombstone notice, depending on that context. For example, the company might state that it is “pleased” to be making an offering under the newly- adopted Regulation Crowdfunding, or even refer to the fact that this is a “historic” event. Such additional wording will generally be a matter of judgement. “Check out our offering on [link]” or “Check out progress of our offering on [link]” are OK. “Our offering is making great progress on [link]” is not. Words that imply growth, success or progress (whether referring to the company or the offering) are always problematic. If you want to use a lot of additional context information, that information can be put in a “non-terms” communication that goes out at the same time and through the same means as a tombstone communication. 

The only links that can be included on a tombstone communication are links to the platform. No links to 5 reviews of the offering on Kingscrowd. No links to any press stories on Crowdfund Insider or CrowdFundBeat. No links to the company’s website. The implicit endorsement principle applies here just as with non-terms communications, meaning that anything you link to becomes a communication by the company. 

An important point with respect to tombstone notices is that while content is severely limited, medium is not. Thus, notices containing tombstone information can be posted on social media, published in newspapers, broadcast on TV, slotted into Google Ads, etc. Craft breweries might wish to publish notices on their beer coasters, and donut shops might wish to have specially printed napkins. 

What constitutes a “notice” 

It is important to note that (until we hear otherwise from the SEC) the “notice” is supposed to be a standalone communication. It can’t be attached to or embedded in other communications. That means you cannot include it on your website (as all the information on your website will probably be deemed to be part of the “notice” and it will likely fail the tombstone rule) and you cannot include it in announcements about new products — again, it will fail the tombstone rule. 

We have listed some examples of permissible communications in Exhibit A. 


It’s a bad idea to include ANY information about the terms of the offering on your website. However, some issuers have found a clever solution: you can create a landing page that sits in front of your regular website. The landing page can include the tombstone information and two options: either investors can continue to your company’s regular webpage OR they can go to the platform to find out more about the offering on the platform. We have attached sample text for landing pages on Exhibit A. 

“Invest now” buttons 

Under the SEC’s current interpretations as we understand them, having an “invest now” button on your website with a link to the platform hosting your offering is fine although you should not mention any terms of the offering on your website unless your ENTIRE website complies with the tombstone rule. Most of them don’t. 

Social Media 

As we mention above, the medium of communication is not limited at all, even for tombstone communications. Companies can use social media to draw attention to their offerings as soon as they have filed their Form C with the SEC. Social media are subject to the same restrictions as any other communications: either don’t mention the offering terms at all or limit content to the tombstone information. 


“Blast” emails that go out to everyone on your mailing list are subject to the same rules as social media: either don’t mention the offering terms at all or limit content to the tombstone information. Personalized emails to people you know will probably not be deemed to be advertising the terms of the offering, so you can send them, but be careful you don’t give your friends any more information than is on the platform — remember the rule about giving everyone access to the same information. 


Images are permitted in tombstone communications. However, these images also have to fit within the “tombstone” parameters. So brevity is required. Publishing a few pictures that show what the company does and how it does it is fine. An online coffee table book with hundreds of moodily-lit photos, not so much. Also, a picture tells a thousand words and those words better not be misleading. So use images only of real products actually currently produced by the company (or in planning, so long as you clearly indicate that), actual employees hard at work, genuine workspace, etc. No cash registers, or images of dollar bills or graphics showing (or implying) increase in revenues or stock price. And don’t use images you don’t have the right to use! (Also, we never thought we’d need to say this, but don’t use the SEC’s logo anywhere on your notice, or anywhere else.) 

While the “brevity” requirement doesn’t apply to non-terms communications, the rules about images not being misleading do. 


Videos are permitted. You could have the CEO saying the tombstone information, together with video images of the company’s operations, but as with images in general, the video must comport with the tombstone rules. So “Gone with the Wind” length opuses will not work under the tombstone rule, although they are fine with non-terms communications. 

Updates and communications to alert investors that important information is available on the platform 

Updates can and should be found on the crowdfunding platform. You can use communications that don’t mention the terms of the offering, to drive readers to the platform’s site to learn about updates and things like webinars hosted on the platform. They may include links to the platform. 

Press releases 

Yes, they are permitted, but they can’t contain very much. Press releases are also laden with potential pitfalls, as we discuss below. Press releases that mention the offering terms are limited to the same “tombstone” content restrictions that apply to all notices. Companies may say that they are pleased (or even thrilled) to announce that they are making a crowdfunding offering but the usual quotes from company officers can’t be included (unless those quotes are along the lines of “ I am thrilled that Company will be making a crowdfunding offering,” or “Company is a software-as-a-service provider with offices in six states”). The “about the company” section in press releases is subject to the same restrictions and if the press release is put together by a PR outfit, watch out for any non-permitted language in the “about the PR outfit” section of the press release (nothing like “Publicity Hound Agency is happy to help companies seeking crowdfunding from everyday investors who now have the opportunity to invest in the next Facebook”). 

You could also issue non-terms press releases that state you are doing an offering (and you can identify or link to the platform) but don’t include terms and still include all the soft info, including quotes, mission statements and deep backgrounds. It’s likely, though, that journalists would call asking “So what are you offering, then?” and if you answer, you are going to make your non-terms communication into communication that fails the tombstone rule. 

Press interviews and articles 

Interviews with the media can be thorny because participation with a journalist makes the resulting 7 article a communication of the company. In fact, the SEC Staff have stated that they don’t see how interviews can easily be conducted, because even if the company personnel stick to the tombstone information (which would make for a pretty weird interview), the journalist could add non-tombstone information later, which would result in the article being a notice that didn’t comply with the tombstone rule. 

The same thing could happen with interviews where the company tries to keep the interview on a nonterms basis. The company personnel could refrain from mentioning any terms (again, it’s going to be pretty odd saying, “Yes, we are making an offering of securities but I can’t say what we are offering”), but the first thing the journalist is going to do is get the detailed terms from the company’s campaign page on the platform’s site, and again the result is that the article becomes a non-complying notice. 

These rules apply to all articles that the company “participates in.” This means that if you (or your publicists) tell the press, “Hey, take a look at the Company X crowdfunding campaign” any resulting article is probably going to result in a violation of the rules. By you. 

Links to press articles are subject to all the same rules discussed in this memo. If you link to an article, you are adopting and incorporating all the information in that article. If the article mentions the terms of the offering then you can’t link to it from a non-terms communication (such as your website) and if it includes soft non-terms information, then you can’t link to it from a tombstone communication. And if it includes misleading statements, you are now making those statements. 

Remember that prior to the launch of the offering you should not be talking about your campaign with the press (or publicly with anyone else). If you are asked about whether you are doing a campaign priorto launch you should respond with either a “no comment” or “you know companies aren’t allowed to discuss these matters.” No winking (either real or emoji-style.) 

Press articles that the company did not participate in 

In general, if you (or your publicists) didn’t participate in or suggest to a journalist that he or she write an article, it’s not your problem. You aren’t required to monitor the media or correct mistakes. However, if you were to circulate an article (or place it or a link to it on your website), then that would be subject to the rules we discuss in this memo. You can’t do indirectly what you can’t do directly. 

Also, if you add (or link to) press coverage to your campaign page on the platform’s site, you are now adopting that content, so it had better not be misleading. 

Demo Days 

Demo days and industry conferences are subject to many of the same constraints that apply to press interviews. In theory, you could limit your remarks to a statement that you are raising funds through crowdfunding, but in reality people are going to ask what you are selling. You could say “I can’t talk about that; go to,” but that would lead to more follow-up questions. And following the tombstone rules means you can’t say too much about your product, which rather undermines the whole purpose of a demo day. 

Demo days might be easier to manage when you are still in the testing-the-waters phase. 

“Ask Me Anythings” 

The only place you can do an “Ask Me Anything” (AMA) that references the terms of the offering is on the 8 platform where your offering is hosted. You can’t do AMAs on Reddit. Unless you limit the AMA to nonterms communications or tombstone information. In which case, people aren’t going to be able to ask you “anything.” 

Product and service advertising 

As we mentioned above, once you’ve filed your Form C, ordinary advertising or other communications (such as putting out an informational newsletter) can continue and can even be ramped up. Most advertising by its nature would constitute non-terms communication, so it couldn’t include references to the terms of the offering. So don’t include information about your offering in your supermarket mailer coupons. 

What about side by side communications? 

You are doubtless wondering whether you could do a non-terms Tweet and follow it immediately with a tombstone Tweet. It appears, at least for the moment, that this works. There is the possibility that if you tried to put a non-terms advertisement right next to a tombstone advertisement in print media or online, the SEC might view them collectively as one single (non-complying) “notice”. It is unclear how much time or space would need to separate communications to avoid this problem, or even whether it is a problem. 

“Can I still talk to my friends?”

Yes, you can still talk to your friends face to face at the pub (we are talking real friends, not Facebook friends, here) and even tell them that you are doing a crowdfunding offering, even before you file with the SEC. You aren’t limited to the tombstone information (man, would that be a weird conversation). After you’ve launched the offering, you can ask your friends to help spread the word (that’s the point of social media) but please do not pay them, even in beer or donuts, because that would make them paid “stock touts.” Don’t ask them to make favorable comments on the platform’s chat board either, unless they say on the chat board that they are doing so because you asked them to. If they are journalists, don’t ask them to write a favorable piece about your offering. 

“What if people email me personally with questions?” 

Best practice would be to respond “That’s a great question, Freddie. I’ve answered it here on the SuperPortal chat site [link]”. Remember the Congressional intent of having all investors have access tothe same information. 


As we’ve seen from the discussion above, you can’t link from a communication that does comply with the rule you are trying to comply with to something that doesn’t. So for example, you can’t link from a Tweet that doesn’t mention the offering terms to something that does and you can’t link from a tombstone communication to anything other than the platform’s website. 


Emoji are subject to antifraud provisions in exactly the same way as text or images are. The current limited range of emoji and their inability to do nuance means that the chance of emoji being misleading is heightened. Seriously people, you need to use your words. 


After the offering 

These limitations only last until the offering is closed. Once that happens you are free to speak freely again, so long as you don’t make any misleading statements. 

And what about platforms? 

The rules for publicity by platforms are different, and also depend on whether the platform is a broker or a portal. We have published a separate memo for them. CrowdCheck is not a law firm, the foregoing is not legal advice, and even more than usual, it is subject to change as regulatory positions evolve and the SEC Staff provide guidance in newly-adopted rules. Please contact your lawyer with respect to any of the matters discussed here. 


Exhibit A Sample Tombstones

  • Company X, Inc. 

[Company Logo] 


Company X is a large widget company based in Anywhere, U.S.A. and incorporated on July 4, 1776. We make widgets and they come in red, white, and blue. Our widgets are designed to spread patriotic cheer. 


We are selling common shares in our company at $17.76 a share. The minimum amount is $13,000 and the maximum amount is $50,000. The offering will remain open until July 4, 2021. 


This offering is being made pursuant to Section 4(a)(6) of the Securities Act. 

For additional information please visit: or Invest Button URL Link direct

  • Freddy’s Ferret Food Company is making a Regulation CF Offering of Preferred Shares on Freddy’s Ferret Food Company was incorporated in Delaware in 2006 and has its principal office in Los Angeles, California. Freddy’s Ferret Food Company makes ferret food out of its four manufacturing plants located in Trenton, New Jersey. Freddy’s Ferret Food is offering up to 500,000 shares of Preferred Stock at $2 a share and the offering will remain open until February 2, 2021. For more information on the offering please go to 


Sample “non-terms” communications 

  • We are doing a crowdfunding offering! We planning to Make America Great Again by selling a million extra large red hats and extra small red gloves with logos on them, and to bring jobs back to Big Bug Creek, Arizona. The more stuff we make, the greater our profits will be. We think we are poised for significant growth. Already we’ve received orders from 100,000 people in Cleveland. Invest in us TODAY, while you still can and Make Capitalism Great Again! [LINK TO PLATFORM]. 
  • Feel the “Burn”! We are making a crowdfunding offering on to raise funds to expand our hot sauce factory. Be a part of history. Small investors have been screwed for years.This is your chance to Stick it to the Man and buy securities in a business that has grown consistently for the last five years. 


Sample Communications on Social Media:
Note all these communications will have a link to the platform. 


  • Company Y has launched its crowdfunding campaign; click here to find out more. 


  • Interested in investing in Company Y? Click here. 


Sample Landing Page: 

Thanks to Regulation CF, now everyone can own shares in our company. 


[Button] Invest in our Company 

[Button] Continue to our Website


CrowdCheck is not a law firm, the foregoing is not legal advice, and even more than usual, it is subject to change as regulatory positions evolve and the SEC Staff provide guidance in newly-adopted rules. Please contact your lawyer with respect to any of the matters discussed here.

Who Does Due Diligence on Companies Using RegCF?

When it comes to raising capital using Regulation Crowdfunding (RegCF), due diligence is an essential part of the process. Due diligence helps ensure that the company offering securities complies with all applicable laws and regulations and that investors are fully informed about the risks that come with investing. We are going through who does due diligence on companies using RegCF


Conducting Due Diligence for Reg CF


The responsibility for conducting due diligence on companies using RegCF lies with a variety of parties. To offer securities through a RegCF raise, companies must use an SEC and FINRA-registered Broker-Dealer or crowdfunding platform. The broker-dealer or crowdfunding platform needs to ensure that the issuer provides accurate company information and complies with securities regulations at both the federal and state levels. These parties also ensure that any investors pass KYC and AML checks to ensure they are not bad actors or other people unable to invest.


The issuers themselves also have responsibilities when it comes to due diligence. They must provide investors with accurate and complete information about the company, its securities offering, and the risks associated with investing. Investors also have an obligation to thoroughly review any information regarding the investment opportunity so that they can understand its potential risk and determine if it is an appropriate investment.


Types of Information Gathered During Due Diligence


When conducting due diligence on companies using RegCF, there is an information-gathering process, notably from your Form C, such as:


  • Business plans
  • Background checks on key officers
  • Financial statements and tax returns
  • Intellectual property registration filings
  • Proof of ownership in any subsidiaries of the company
  • Legal documents related to the business, such as contracts and bylaws


This information provided during the due diligence process allows investors to better understand the company and its business operations. 


Protecting Investors and Issuers 


Performing due diligence on companies using RegCF is an important part of protecting investors. It helps ensure that only qualified and legitimate businesses can raise capital. It also provides investors with the information they need to make informed decisions about their investments.


Due diligence is important for companies raising funds through RegCF because of the number of new-to-the-space investors. Issuers will demand their broker-dealer to complete all due dilligence. Raises can be successful and investors need to be sure of that, as well. Additionally, platforms should also have procedures in place to collect information from companies and investors before they are allowed to raise funds, such as background checks. By doing so, platforms ensure that investors are protected and companies meet all necessary criteria before raising funds.


Proper due diligence has clear roles: From broker-dealers and the platforms that facilitate the RegCF transactions to issuers and investors themselves. Accurate and complete information about companies using RegCF protects issuers and investors. For investors, it allows them to make better-informed decisions about their investments. For issuers, it provides an opportunity to demonstrate commitment to compliance and build credibility with investors for a successful raise.

Why Use RegCF for Real Estate?

Companies in the real estate industry have a variety of financing options available for their projects, but one that is often overlooked is the use of Regulation Crowdfunding (Reg CF). Equity crowdfunding is becoming an increasingly popular tool among companies due to its potential to provide access to potentially high-yielding investments and the ability to offer new ways for investors to diversify their portfolios. 


What is Reg CF for Real Estate?


Reg CF is a type of equity crowdfunding that allows companies to raise capital from everyday individuals, not just accredited investors. Unlike traditional real estate investments, the price tag for Reg CF investments is much smaller, making it more appealing to a wide range of investors. Companies can sell securities such as stocks or debt instruments in exchange for investor funds. For real estate, this can be done in various ways such as selling shares in a real estate investment trust (REIT), selling property-specific investments, or launching a syndication.


Benefits of Reg CF for Real Estate


Using regulation CF for real estate offers a wide range of benefits to both investors and issuers that may not be readily available with other forms of capital raising. These benefits include:


It Can Provide Access to High-Yielding Investment Opportunities: Real estate investments can offer higher returns than traditional stocks and bonds, with an average annual return of 12.9% according to a study by the Cambridge Centre for Alternative Finance in 2017. By using Reg CF, investors can tap into this high-potential market and issuers can access the capital to fund their real estate projects.


It Offers a More Diverse Investment Portfolio: Real estate equity crowdfunding allows investors to invest in specific projects or properties, rather than having to invest in an entire REIT or development company. This provides more control and transparency for the investor as they can see exactly where their money is going.


It Can Offer Lower Investment Requirements: When using Reg CF, the minimum investment is typically much lower than traditional real estate investments, meaning that anyone can invest as little or as much as they want in a given project. This makes it easier for companies to attract a larger pool of potential investors and increase their chances of successfully raising the necessary funds.


It Can Help Facilitate Market Research: When using Reg CF, issuers must provide investors with all the information they need to make an informed decision, in-depth market research included. This can increase investor confidence in the project and potentially lead to higher returns for real estate agents.


Reg CF is an effective tool in the real estate space, allowing companies to access capital quickly and easily from a wide range of potential investors. As the popularity of crowdfunding continues to grow, it is becoming increasingly important for companies in the real estate space to understand how Reg CF works and how it can be used in conjunction with other financing methods to maximize their fundraising efforts.

What Are the Costs for a RegCF Issuance?

Raising capital is necessary for many companies, but it comes with a price tag. This is why we often receive questions from companies seeking to understand how to budget for the fundraising process. With Regulation Crowdfunding (Reg CF) issuances becoming increasingly popular in the United States, understanding the costs associated with these offerings is essential to successful capital raising. 

To shed a light on this topic, we have worked with our KorePartners to research the estimated budget for a Reg CF offering. However, this estimated budget is based on a variety of factors that can influence the total cost of capital raising. Thus, this information will not apply to all companies but is a general guide to the expenses involved in a Reg CF raise.

Estimated Reg CF Costs for US-Based Companies:

What Why/Work to be done When Estimated Cost
USA Lawyer To file your SEC Form C and state filings First step in moving forward $7,500-15,000k 
Auditors Are required to be filed with your Form C First step requirement $2,500 +
FINRA Broker-Dealer States require you to have a Broker-Dealer to sell securities to investors  Begin engagement when you start with a lawyer  3-5% fees + $2,600-$10,000 (these are upfront fees) 
Escrow Provider SEC requires that funds be held in escrow during the capital raise for a RegCF Required to file Form C $1,000 – $3,500 one time fee

Closing fees TBD

Investor Acquisition

  • Investment Page
  • PR Firm
  • IR Firm
  • Video
  • Social media
  • Media Firm
  • Advertising
  • Webinar
  • Newsletter
  • Publishers
The sooner you can begin to start building your community, the more it increases your company’s chance of achieving your offering goals Before you file your Form C  $10,000 to $15,000/month 

Plus any additional advertising you will do

Investor Relations Director If not already available in house, you may look to hire an internal resource to manage incoming inquiries from potential investors, in order to handle outbound calls to investor leads compliantly. This is only an option to consider $4,500/month
Data Access Providers with Data set up to access 1.5B records $2,500-$5,000 one-time fee

$2.00-$5.00 for investor lead

KoreConX All-In-One platform RegCF Solution

  • Mobile App
  • Private Label
  • RegCF Invest Button
  • Shareholder Platform
  • Portfolio Platform
  • DealRoom Platform
  • KoreID
  • KoreID Verified

$3,500 Set up Fee

SEC-Transfer Agent KoreConX End-to-end solution includes the RegCF Investment platform and

SEC Transfer Transfer Agent as required to file your Form C

Required to file Form C Included with KoreConX All-in-One Platform
Investment Platform for RegCF Requires 10-14 days to set up After you retain your lawyer  Included with your KoreConX All-In-One Platform 
Live Offering During the live offering you will have to pay for KYC (ID, AML), search fees required   Ranges from $1.50/person-$15/person. With KoreConX these fees are provided at cost and vary depending on country; with no markups
Live Offering During the live offering you will have to pay for your Payment processors (Credit Card, ACH, EFT, Crypto, WireTransfer, IRA) With KoreConX these fees are provided at cost with no markups


What You Need to Know About RegCF

Raising capital is always a challenge, especially in the startup sector, which means that it’s vital to understand all the options available and how they can help you attain your goals. We will discuss Regulation Crowdfunding (RegCF), which has proved to be an increasingly popular method among early-stage companies looking for funds due to its exemption from SEC registration and access to a vast pool of potential investors, in addition to being cost-effective. This blog post will outline some essential things you need to know before taking advantage of RegCF as a form of raising capital. Understanding what challenges you may face along the way and what resources are at your disposal will hopefully give you greater insight into whether this capital option is right for your business.


What is RegCF?


  • RegCF refers to equity-based crowdfunding.
  • This type of financing method raises money through small individual investments from many people.
  • Startups and early-stage businesses can use RegCF to offer and sell securities to the investing public.
  • Anyone can invest in a Regulation Crowdfunding offering, but there are limits based on annual income and net worth for investors who are not accredited.


What do you need to know about RegCF?


RegCF is a type of securities-based crowdfunding that allows startups and early-stage businesses to offer and sell securities to the investing public. This type of financing method raises money through small individual investments from many people, and it has seen a surge in popularity since its enactment in 2012. In 2019, the SEC passed amendments to RegCF, making it even easier for companies to raise capital, such as increasing the offering limit to $5 million. As of 2021, over $1.1 billion has been raised through RegCF.


Who can invest in a Regulation Crowdfunding offering?


Any person can invest in a Regulation Crowdfunding offering. However, there are certain restrictions based on annual income and net worth for those who are not accredited investors. According to the SEC, an individual will be considered an accredited investor if they have earned income that exceeded $200,000 ($300,000 together with a spouse or spousal equivalent) in each of the prior two years and reasonably expects the same for the current year, have a net worth over $1 million (excluding the value of their primary residence), or hold certain professional certifications.


What are the investment limits for non-accredited investors?


For non-accredited investors, the amount they can invest in a RegCF offering depends on their net worth and annual income. If an individual’s annual income or net worth is less than $124,000, then during any 12 months, they can invest up to the greater of either $2,500 or 5% of the greater of their annual income or net worth. If their annual income and net worth are equal to or more than $124,000, then during any 12 months, they can invest up to 10% of annual income or net worth, whichever is greater, but not to exceed $124,000.


What Are the Benefits of RegCF?


Any startup or early-stage business can use RegCF to raise capital. This financing is beneficial for companies that do not have the resources or connections to access traditional forms of financing, such as venture capital or bank loans. RegCF also provides an alternative to Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) for companies that are too small for a public offering.


RegCF is an excellent way for startups and early-stage businesses to access capital. It offers increased access to capital and no restrictions on who can invest. RegCF is expected to reach $5 billion in raises in the future, and with the popularity of this financing only growing, it’s clear that RegCF is here to stay. By understanding the basics of Regulation Crowdfunding, startups and small businesses can make informed decisions about when and how to raise capital to achieve their business goals.

How is Equity Crowdfunding Different Than Kickstarter?

Kickstarter and equity crowdfunding are two different ways to raise money for a project or venture. Kickstarter is a platform where people can donate money to projects in exchange for rewards, such as early access to the product or a copy of the finished product. Equity crowdfunding, on the other hand, allows people to invest in a company or project in exchange for a percentage of ownership in that company or project and has raised over a billion since it was introduced. But what are their differences and similarities, and how do you ensure your crowdfunding platform is compliant?


A Unique Way to Raise Money: Kickstarter Vs. Equity Crowdfunding


Kickstarter is a crowdfunding platform that allows people to donate money to projects in exchange for rewards. The project creator sets a fundraising goal and a deadline, and if the goal is reached, the project receives the funding. Rewards can be anything from early access to the product or a copy of the finished product. Kickstarter is an all-or-nothing platform, meaning that if the project doesn’t reach its fundraising goal, the project creator doesn’t receive any of the money.


On the other hand, equity crowdfunding is a way for people to invest in a company or project in exchange for a percentage of ownership in that company. Equity crowdfunding is different from Kickstarter in a few ways. First, with equity crowdfunding, investors are actually investing in the company, rather than just donating money. Second, equity crowdfunding is not an all-or-nothing platform. Even if a company or project doesn’t reach its fundraising goal, the issuer still receives the money that was raised.


If you are trying to choose between the two platforms, it is crucial to consider your goals. If you are looking for a way to raise an amount of money quickly without giving up a percentage of your company, Kickstarter may be the better option. This is because of the all-or-nothing nature of Kickstarter, which means that you either reach your fundraising goal and receive the money, or you don’t receive any money and do not need to pay a fee.


However, if you are looking to raise millions of dollars while gaining not only investors but brand ambassadors, equity crowdfunding may be the better option. This is because, with equity crowdfunding, people are actually investing in your company and will want to see it succeed. Additionally, even if you don’t reach your fundraising goal, you will still receive the money that was raised, which can be used to continue growing your company.


Ensuring Your Crowdfunding Platform Is Compliant


If you are using a crowdfunding platform, it is important to ensure that the platform is compliant with securities laws, especially when it comes to equity crowdfunding. This means that the platform follows all the rules and regulations set by the government. To ensure the equity crowdfunding platform you use is compliant you to consider:


  • Does the company actually exist?
  • Has the SEC approved these securities?
  • Have they been filed with the board of directors?


Knowing who and who is not doing this is often difficult to determine from the outside. If you are an investor, you look at the actual filing from the company to understand what the company has filed for and its ongoing obligations.


If you are looking for a quick way to raise money without giving up equity in your company, Kickstarter may be the better option. However, if you are looking to raise money and gain investors, equity crowdfunding may be the better option. Additionally, it is important to ensure that the platform you are using is compliant with all the rules and regulations set by the government, whether you are raising capital or you are an investor.

KoreClient Spotlight: Consumer Cooperative Group

When it comes to real estate, most people think about buying and flipping properties for a quick profit. But what if you could buy a property, have the tenants already in place, and generate revenue from the time you acquired it? That’s what the Consumer Cooperative Group (CCG) is all about on a larger scale than individual properties. CCG is a cooperative of investors all across America who work together to purchase turnkey properties – including commercial, residential, and industrial – and generate revenue from the outset.


What makes CCG different from other real estate investment groups is its focus on education. “We don’t just tell you about our company; we also educate our investors at the same time because it is a requirement that our investors are not passive,” said CEO and Founder of CCG, Tanen Andrews. “There is a level of participation that we require from them because if they have equity they are part owners. So we require them to be active in what we are doing.”.


This focus on education means that CCG members are truly invested in the company and its success. “Cooperative members are the ones with the voting rights and the investors are the ones with no board voting rights but they have an opportunity to be a part of the membership to create multiple streams of income,” said Andrews. This allows for a two-way street of investment and education – both parties benefit from each other. But it’s not just about making money for CCG. They also want to make an impact on their local community. “Activating social events and making a change in a community are two separate things and we want to fund social aspirations that we want to see done and we want to be self-sufficient at the same time,” said Andrews. That’s why they focus on creating jobs as well as generating revenue.


“This is a multi-phase venture and the initial phase is the real estate. With Consumer Cooperative Group being a real estate cooperative, and we use that cooperative methodology to purchase real estate, pooling the funds of the people who could not traditionally invest in startup companies of this magnitude in exchange for equity,” said Andrews. “In addition to that, now we have access to go to Wall Street and directly list and provide liquidity for them on another level that they were never able to access,” said Andrews. 


Owning real estate is a great way to build wealth, but not everyone can or should assume the active duties of a landlord, and CCG takes that element out of it. With tenants already in the properties, they are already generating revenue from the time that they are acquired.”We can buy these turnkey properties and have something to build upon instead of building from scratch,” said Andrews. “Our business plan is wrapped around our community. We are thinking about the financial growth of our market so they can compete. That’s why I love KoreConX. KoreConX is a platform that can be used in conjunction with what we are doing to keep some type of sustainability of our growth and manage what we are doing as we progress to the next level,” said Andrews. CCG wants to make sure they are educating as they are progressing, they are trying to maximize what is already there and build upon that.


“We have a Reg A going through the process right now after we went Reg CF first. Most people have never heard of the JOBS Act and most are jumping into traditional capital raising platforms, and I feel that is confusing. What we try to do is focus specifically on the JOBS Act so that we can eventually qualify for listing. We do not want to just make investors and members but we also want to create real entrepreneurs, we want to show them how to create a real viable business and repeat the process,” said Andrews. CCG provides those who did not always have the opportunity the means to be a part of business ownership.


Regulation CF(RegCF), D (RegD), A (RegA+) Disclaimer

This communication may be deemed to be a solicitation of interest under Regulation CF (RegCF), D (RegD), A (RegA+) under the Securities Act of 1933, in which case the following applies:

  • No money or other consideration is being solicited, and if sent in response, will not be accepted;
  • No offer to buy the securities can be accepted and no part of the purchase price can be received until the offering statement is qualified, and any such offer may be withdrawn or revoked, without obligation or commitment of any kind, at any time before notice of its acceptance given after the qualification date;
  • A person’s indication of interest involves no obligation or commitment of any kind; and
  • An offering statement, which would include a preliminary offering circular, has not yet been filed with the SEC.

KoreClient Spotlight: Live Retail

There are about 5.5 million businesses that operate in the U.S. under the license of a brand, typically franchises like McDonald’s or 7-11 and even real estate groups like Century 21. Because of the nature of the franchise, advertising must follow corporate guidelines and be pre-approved, a process that can be costly and time-consuming for franchisees. In addition, many small franchisees can be faced with budgetary constraints that make the process even more challenging.


Founder and Chief Strategy Officer of LiveTechnology Holdings, Wayne Reuvers, described the typical process: “Branded entities and businesses selling branded products account for about $133 billion in media spend every year in the US. If I’m a Nissan [dealership] and I want corporate to support me, I have to build the ads, I pay an agency a fortune, it goes through the approval process and most get rejected, and then it turns around and I can run the ad.”


This is where LiveRetail comes in. Offering a free platform for these businesses to easily create and run compliant ads, LiveRetail removes this barrier by helping franchise locations drive higher sales, beating industry benchmarks consistently. Each location benefits from personalized creatives and messaging to effectively reach the target audience.


“We’ve turned this entire model on its head. We built a technology that allows us to onboard an entire brand – all of their stores, the brand details, the brand guidelines, the color, the items they want to promote, and everything else – in under four hours”, said Reuvers. Once this process is complete, LiveRetail can easily build a campaign for all the entities, prebuilding an ad for every product using the platform’s CreativeMatrix feature. The ads, compliant with brand guidelines, are sent to local entities. The ads can be posted for free on social media or can be run as ads using the hyper-targeted campaign that LiveRetail develops.


“Those who manage or run a franchise, whether they’re an owner or an operator, do not have time to build ads and the cost of getting a local entity to build ads is $400 to $4,000 but they still need to be brand compliant. We get rid of that by providing all the ads free to the entity, ready to run, and they look more professional than hiring a local agency. We remove the biggest barrier to small to medium-sized advertising spend on the internet, which is the cost of producing ads,” said Reuvers.


Within two clicks, a franchisee can share an ad on social media platforms like Facebook. They also have the option to subscribe to weekly posts on social media or run the creative as a paid ad. Paid ads can be sent to a hyper-targeted audience, ensuring it is seen by people most interested in the product or service being advertised. This is a game-changer for local franchises.


The company is using RegCF to raise capital, and one of the most attractive aspects of the exemption was the number of small business owners and entrepreneurs who are investors. They hope to develop strong relationships with the company’s investors, who in turn have the potential to be powerful brand advocates.


Seeking to simplify the creative process behind marketing, LiveRetail is creating innovative technologies aimed at reducing the cost and brand compliance burden for small franchisees and other branded entities. In turn, this will help these businesses drive more traffic to their stores and generate business.



Regulation CF(RegCF), D (RegD), A (RegA+) Disclaimer

This communication may be deemed to be a solicitation of interest under Regulation CF (RegCF), D (RegD), A (RegA+) under the Securities Act of 1933, in which case the following applies:

  • No money or other consideration is being solicited, and if sent in response, will not be accepted;
  • No offer to buy the securities can be accepted and no part of the purchase price can be received until the offering statement is qualified, and any such offer may be withdrawn or revoked, without obligation or commitment of any kind, at any time before notice of its acceptance given after the qualification date;
  • A person’s indication of interest involves no obligation or commitment of any kind; and
  • An offering statement, which would include a preliminary offering circular, has not yet been filed with the SEC.

KoreClient Spotlight: Tech Chain Software

The trucking industry in the United States is a vital part of the economy, responsible for transporting trillions of dollars worth of goods each year. However, it is also an industry that has been plagued by inefficiencies and low productivity for many years. This is where Tech Chain Software and their ResQ TRX app come in, changing the game for truckers across the US.


The ResQ TRX app from Tech Chain Software is designed to help truckers be more efficient and productive, while also reducing downtime. It streamlines the entire repair process, allowing drivers, owners, and fleet managers to request and approve service, monitor vehicle and repair status, and send payments all through the app. This makes it easier and faster for truckers to get their trucks repaired, reducing downtime and helping the industry as a whole run more smoothly. By connecting trucking companies to dedicated services, ResQ TRX also provides new business to the service companies that keep America moving. This makes it a win-win for both truckers and the industry as a whole. Telha Ghanchi, the founder and CEO of Tech Chain Software, is passionate about helping and serving truckers, and ResQ TRX is his company’s way of doing just that.


As the owner of a small trucking company himself, he knows firsthand the pain that truck drivers and owners go through when a truck goes down. That’s why he created ResQ TRX, to make it an easier and more efficient process for all involved. From the smallest owner-operator to the largest fleets and logistics companies, ResQ TRX is changing the game for how trucking companies do business. The app helps truckers stay on the road by providing them with access to rescue trucks, mechanics, and other resources when they break down. Additionally, Reg CF benefits the company by allowing them to transform investors into brand ambassadors that truly believe in the company and its vision.


Mega carriers make up only a small fraction of the companies in the industry and have access to mega repair centers if their trucks break down. However, since the majority of the industry is made up of small businesses, they are often left relying on Google to find the help they need when their truck breaks down. And in remote places, especially in the US, you need to sometimes look miles away to find a mobile mechanic who can look at the project. Since many truck drivers don’t carry the cash on hand to pay for the services, payment is a significant issue at these times as well as the trust of not knowing the job that the person is going to do to fix your truck. 


“Every ten minutes you are late on a delivery it snowballs to how much the consumer pays. If you had three trucks and one of them breaks down you are losing 33% of your business,” said Ghanchi. With the trucking industry relying on invoices to be paid about 90 days after delivery, keeping operations afloat can be tricky when a truck is out of commission. This ultimately affects company owners, customers, and employees who rely on the shipment to be made on time.


As the market continues to grow, Ghanchi sees this as having a positive effect on truck drivers. A larger repair market will enhance repair service competition, allowing truck drivers to receive better repair pricing. Additionally, the company hopes to offer its debt function, with which the company will loan out the repair cost, allowing ResQ TRX to pay the mechanic and get the work done much faster to get back on the road instead of saving up money to fix this. This is one way they see they can make a huge impact on the industry. “If the truck is running the cash is rolling and they will have money to pay for [the loan],” said Ghanchi. “Our goal is to lower overall downtime in the trucking industry. We are also working with local trade schools to increase the capacity and mechanics of blue-collar workers. Mechanic shops can not take in more work without the resources so we are helping both sides, both the truckers to get their trucks back on the road quickly so they don’t go out of business and the mechanics so they can better serve this industry through ResQ TRX’s innovative solution.” 


Regulation CF Disclaimer


This communication may be deemed to be a solicitation of interest under Regulation CF under the Securities Act of 1933, in which case the following applies:


  • No money or other consideration is being solicited, and if sent in response, will not be accepted;
  • No offer to buy the securities can be accepted, and no part of the purchase price can be received until the offering statement is qualified, and any such offer may be withdrawn or revoked, without obligation or commitment of any kind, at any time before notice of its acceptance given after the qualification date;
  • A person’s indication of interest involves no obligation or commitment of any kind; and
  • An offering statement, which would include a preliminary offering circular, has not yet been filed with the SEC.

KoreClient Spotlight: Budding Technologies

Budding Technologies, Inc. is looking to change the cannabis industry with innovative technology and the use of blockchain through its product, Budbo.


The Budbo ecosystem consists of three unique products; Budbo App, Budbo Connect, and BudboTrax. Together, these touch all aspects of the cannabis industry from growers and product manufacturers to dispensaries and consumers.


The Budbo App features a patent-pending technology that allows cannabis users to log into the application and enter some demographic data that is then used to make suggestions on strains and products of cannabis that would be best for the user. Users are also rewarded for providing this data with cryptocurrency tokens that can be spent on merchandise or accepted by dispensaries. With this technology, new users can feel more confident in choosing the strains and products that would be best for them based on data like their weight, gender, and experience level. After answering several questions on a 1-10 scale, the algorithm can make these suggestions. Pick-up and delivery options are available to consumers with an easy-to-use interface.


For dispensaries, growers, and product manufacturers, Budbo Connect enables them to access the data provided by Budbo customers and other third-party APIs. In the Connect dashboard, companies can keep product information up to date so that it can be found by the most appropriate customer. In turn, companies can see what types of products are popular or sought after by cannabis users in their region. With companies able to tailor their inventory to what customers are looking for, they can reduce waste, increase sales, and find the right product manufacturers for these products.


Lastly, BudboTrax, is a supply chain management system built on blockchain technology that gives users the ability to track products and lab results so that they can know exactly where their product comes from and if it meets the quality standards that they are looking for. This feature allows cannabis users to be confident in the product by providing much-needed clear visibility into the chain of custody of the cannabis plant and subsequent product.


Working together, these three elements create a robust suite of tools to empower the cannabis industry and to serve cannabis users with access to the safest and best product available.


To aid in the company’s growth, Budding Technologies, Inc. is using Regulation Crowdfunding to raise funds for their company. “We chose the Reg CF as the vehicle because it’s a grass-roots way to raise capital that is for everybody, and we feel cannabis and our technology is for everybody. What makes the Reg CF so great, is that it allows anyone interested in Budbo, cannabis, and blockchain, to have the opportunity to invest in Budbo and get involved with the company,” said Luke Patterson, the company’s CEO.


Budbo is an innovative company that is changing the way the cannabis industry works. With their use of blockchain technology, they are helping customers verify the quality of the products being sold while also giving businesses valuable data about what products are being used in their area and users on what cannabis is right for them.


Regulation CF Disclaimer


This communication may be deemed to be a solicitation of interest under Regulation CF under the Securities Act of 1933, in which case the following applies:


  • No money or other consideration is being solicited, and if sent in response, will not be accepted;
  • No offer to buy the securities can be accepted, and no part of the purchase price can be received until the offering statement is qualified, and any such offer may be withdrawn or revoked, without obligation or commitment of any kind, at any time before notice of its acceptance given after the qualification date;
  • A person’s indication of interest involves no obligation or commitment of any kind; and
  • An offering statement, which would include a preliminary offering circular, has not yet been filed with the SEC.

Labor Day: Democratization and Opportunities to Create Jobs

The growth in Regulation A+ and Regulation CF offerings fuels entrepreneurship and job growth in the United States. Since 2016, there have been over 4,600 capital offerings utilizing Reg A+ or CF, with over $500 million raised in 2021 alone. This capital helps companies grow, create jobs, and positively impact their local communities. Crowdfunding is a robust tool for businesses to secure funding, with an average of 43.8% of pre-revenue startups successfully using this method.


Crowdfunded Capital and Democratization


When businesses utilize crowdfunding, they can access a much larger customer base, allowing them to have a more significant impact on their local communities. it is particularly well-suited for getting loyal customers, employees, suppliers, and other stakeholders to become investors in your company. Crowdfunding enables the democratization of the private capital market by giving these parties an opportunity to participate in the investment process, something that has not been practical before with traditional investing. For many companies, this unlocks a powerful opportunity and  42% of raises reach their goal in 3 days. 


Creating Job Opportunities


With over $1 billion in capital raised through Reg CF at an average of $1.3 million per raise, these businesses create innovation and bring economic change to local communities in the form of spending and jobs. An estimated $2.5 billion went into local communities from crowdfunded companies in 2021 alone, with money changing hands as much as six times before leaving the local economy. This demonstrates how crowdfunding directly impacts many communities across the country. It brings money to a community by creating jobs; companies that utilize regulated crowdfunding support over 250,000 American jobs across 466 industries. That number is expected to grow as the private market continues to expand. 


Crowdfunding allows all types of businesses to access the capital they need to grow and create jobs through Reg A+ and Reg CF. Between 2000 and 2019,  small businesses created 10.5 million US jobs, while large companies only created 5.6 million, according to 2020 data from the US Small Business Administration. This highlights the importance of small businesses within the economy. However, many small businesses have not traditionally had the same access to capital as large ones. This changed with the JOBS Act, increasing the availability of capital for these small businesses and leveling the playing field. As these companies continue to receive capital from the JOBS Act exemptions, the economy continues to benefit from the democratization of capital. 


It’s not only the number of jobs that are important but also the quality of those positions. Good jobs lead to a better living standard. When people have good jobs, they can afford to make purchases, give their children better access to education, access healthcare whenever needed, and many other positive benefits for these individuals. At the same time, they support businesses within their community, which helps those grow as well. A strong economy also attracts business investment from other parts of the country and the world. All of these factors lead to more jobs, and the cycle continues.


Investing in the Future


The expansion of crowdfunding presents opportunities for anyone interested in becoming an investor, with a chance to get in on the ground floor of the next big thing, while also supporting businesses and creating jobs. It’s a win-win for everyone involved, and it all starts with the democratization of capital. When you invest in a company through crowdfunding, you can invest in your community. The money that is raised through these offerings stays local, and as the businesses grow, they pump even more money back into the economy.


Crowdfunding is an excellent way to support businesses and create jobs, but it’s also a great way to invest in the future. With the industry expected to continue to grow, now is the time to get involved. With opportunities for everyone, from accredited to retail investors, there has never been a better time to get involved in the democratization of capital. So this Labor Day, remember that when you support businesses through crowdfunding, you also help create jobs and create a brighter economic future.


KoreClient Spotlight: Durable Energy

Durable Energy is on a mission to expand access to renewable energy and electric vehicle (EV) charging across the country. Partnered with  dealerships, parts companies, and other key service providers in the automotive industry, Durable Energy is decentralizing energy so everyone can have access to clean energy and offset their utility bills. We recently spoke with Xavone Charles and Anastasia Rivodeaux about the mission of Durable Energy and how Reg CF is helping them get there. 


Improving EV Infrastructure with Durable Energy


Currently, 60.8% of all electricity in the US is generated from fossil fuels. The output of this electricity production is 1.55 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide, which contributes significantly to global climate change. Renewable energy only accounts for 20.1% of the total energy produced, in part because of its perceived cost.  So increasing the accessibility and affordability of renewable energy sources can help to make renewables more competitive, thus reducing reliance on carbon-heavy sources. That’s the vision of Durable Energy, a company dedicated to transitioning the way we live, starting with EV.


Durable Energy believes in a 3 step plan to achieve its goal of energy decentralization:


  1. They are focusing on creating more renewable energy-powered EV charging stations in the nation, not only in the city but in rural locations and at businesses like dealerships. This will help increase the number of EVs on the road and provide people with a place to charge their vehicles when they are away from home.
  2. They are working to offset the amount of energy produced by solar so that it can be stored and used when the sun isn’t shining. This will help to make renewable energy more reliable and allow it to be used even when, and where, the weather isn’t cooperating. While southwestern states may have an abundance of sunlight, with this technology, that energy can be stored and transferred to the East Coast, where they have more of a need for it.
  3. Hydrogen systems are the future of cars and homes. By focusing on hydrogen fuel cells, Durable Energy will be able to provide a clean and renewable source of energy that can power both homes and vehicles. This will help to reduce reliance on fossil fuels as well as help reduce emissions from cars and trucks.


Changing EV with Reg CF


With Durable Energy, any dealership can open its own charging facility for private and public use. People could pay for a membership to have a certain amount of energy per month. “We are a part of a global transition. Everyone in the renewable energy space is trying to figure out how to tackle this large hurdle. Through Regulation CF, the end users who benefit from this technology can be a part of this as well,” said Xavone Charles from Durable Energy.


Through RegCF, Durable Energy can connect with the end user who will be using these products, enabling them to become early investors in the very infrastructure that they will utilize. “The existing grid is pretty much a monopoly. We’re building the new grid, the new infrastructure, and the new principles, and we want people to be a part of it. Our goal is to make EV transition in the US possible,” said Anastasia Rivodeaux of Durable Energy.


Regulation CF Disclaimer

This communication may be deemed to be a solicitation of interest under Regulation CF under the Securities Act of 1933, in which case the following apply:

  • No money or other consideration is being solicited, and if sent in response, will not be accepted;
  • No offer to buy the securities can be accepted and no part of the purchase price can be received until the offering statement is qualified, and any such offer may be withdrawn or revoked, without obligation or commitment of any kind, at any time before notice of its acceptance given after the qualification date;
  • A person’s indication of interest involves no obligation or commitment of any kind; and
  • An offering statement, which would include a preliminary offering circular, has not yet been filed with the SEC.


Opportunities to Invest in the Private Capital Market

The private equity market is rapidly growing, fueled by expansions to the JOBS Act exemptions in 2021. By 2030, the private capital market is anticipated to grow to a total value of $30 billion. This is largely driven by more companies seeing the potential in regulated crowdfunding through RegA+ and RegCF, and the rising interest of retail investors looking to move into the private space. Plus, research has shown that there is nearly $5 trillion in uninvested funds held by private equity firms alone. In addition, retail investors now represent 25% of the security trading volume in the public markets, a significant increase from the previous decade. According to BNY Mellon, “a new generation of younger retail investors are purchasing equities with the intention of becoming long-term market participants.” These factors have coalesced to create a favorable environment for investments in the private capital market. 


With favorable conditions to invest in public companies, there are many emerging and attractive industries for investors. Some of these include:


  • Medtech: Every day, companies are creating lifesaving technologies to improve human health and revolutionize medical care. Medtech companies often require high amounts of capital to fund clinical trials, research and development, and the many other processes they must go through. Since offerings limits for RegA+ were expanded to $75M, Medtech companies are increasingly viewing the exemption as a viable choice for raising capital.


  • Cannabis: The cannabis industry is rapidly growing, especially as public perception grows more favorable and legalization at the state level spreads across the US. However, cannabis companies are often underserved by traditional financial institutions due to the illegality at the federal level. With RegCF and RegA+, cannabis companies can tap into a vast market of retail investors who are willing to invest in an evolving industry.


  • Real Estate: Traditional real estate investments are capital intensive, making them cost prohibitive for many investors who are not high net worth individuals, private equity, or institutional investors. However, with RegA+ and RegCF, retail investors can own fractions of properties. And in, 2020, insurance, finance, and real estate accounted for 53% of qualified RegA+ offerings and 79% of the funds raised through the exemption. This indicates that real estate is an attractive investment opportunity for many investors. 


  • Franchises: JOBS Act exemptions create new opportunities for franchisees and franchisors to raise capital. These companies often have existing customers, who can become investors and brand ambassadors.


Regardless of the industry, a key component of any offering is the broker-dealer. Many states require issuers to work with a broker-dealer when selling securities in those states. A broker-dealer ensures that the issuer follows all SEC and state securities laws. More importantly, working with a FINRA-registered broker-dealer gives investors confidence by verifying that the issuer has provided all required information for the investors to make a sound investment decision. FINRA protects American investors by ensuring that brokers operate fairly and honestly. Plus, the broker-dealer also completes compliance activities, such as KYC, AML, and investor suitability and due diligence on the issuer themselves. 


Working with a broker-dealer ensures that the issuer behaves compliantly and gives the investor peace of mind when investing in one of the many investment opportunities within the private capital market.


Examining RegCF Trends

The internet has put financial literacy resources at the tip of our fingers and has done the same for investment opportunities. Whether it’s an app that allows you to buy and sell stock or cryptocurrencies, or a website that allows you to invest in a company that could be the next Uber, Tesla, or SpaceX, the average person now has access to new and exciting ways to invest that never existed before. 


The private capital market has been transformed by the JOBS Act and its exemptions, like Regulation CF, that allow companies to raise growth-fueling sums of money from accredited and nonaccredited investors alike. And, with companies now able to raise larger amounts than ever before, Reg CF investments are enjoying increasing popularity. This type of crowdfunding allows entrepreneurs to tap into the wallets of thousands of potential investors, providing not only the capital they need but also new networks, brand ambassadors, and more.


While the number of companies raising capital online decreased between 2018 and 2019, this number rebounded substantially since according to data shared by KingsCrowd. Between 2019 and 2020, the number of deals nearly doubled from 541 to 1024. The 2019 decrease could be attributed to multiple factors. One possible reason is that online crowdfunding was still considered a new space at the time, so investors and founders still had their reservations. The increased number of deals in 2020, 2021, and so far throughout 2022, suggests that this hesitation is starting to dissipate. This is supported by the tremendous milestone RegCF reached last year; over $1 billion has been raised through this exemption This could be due to a better understanding of how crowdfunding works or increased confidence in the industry as a whole. Whatever the reason, it’s clear that RegCF is becoming more popular among startups and investors alike.


When the COVID-19 pandemic began spreading across the US in the spring of 2020, it crippled and even bankrupted thousands of businesses. However, startups that raised capital with Reg CF didn’t appear to be affected the same way, possibly because of exploding demand in industries like telehealth, med-tech and delivery services, creating urgent new investment opportunities, coupled with large numbers of potential investors suddenly working from home and becoming more exposed to and accepting of online transactions and crowdfunding campaigns. 


This trend can also be seen in VC funding, which decreased during 2020 by 9% and 23% for the first quarter and second quarter of the year. The negative effect of the pandemic on VC funding largely impacted female founders more heavily than male founders, with female founders receiving only 2.3% of VC funding in 2020. That drove many founders to seek alternatives, which may explain some of the uptick in crowdfunding deals.


2022 is seeing a good flow of new crowdfunding deals as well. We’ve seen 429 new deals in the first quarter, according to KingsCrowd, and this number is only expected to increase as the number of founders and investors who recognize the power of crowdfunding continues to grow. With as little as $100, non-accredited investors can now own a part of a company and support a cause they believe in. This democratizes startup investing like never before.


Other trends we’re seeing are an increase in the mean amount raised per deal and a decrease in the median amount raised per deal, suggesting that while the biggest deals are getting bigger, the number of smaller deals is also growing, reflecting more participation by small businesses and small investors This has increased the amount of capital raised through RegCF from $239 million in 2020 to $1.1 billion in 2021, and this number is expected to double by the end of 2022. This means that more money is being funneled into startups and small businesses than ever before.


Will we see more startups turn to crowdfunding to compensate for the lack of VC funding? Only time will tell, but we’re excited to see how the rest of the year unfolds for the Reg CF community.

Can Cannabis Companies Use RegCF?

In recent years, public perception of cannabis is gaining positive momentum. As of April 2021, 35 states have made medical marijuana legal, with 18 of them legalizing it recreationally. This growth has been tremendous, raising the industry’s value to over $13 billion and directly supporting 340,000 jobs. Additionally, 91% of Americans believe that regulators should legalize cannabis for medical and recreational use.


These factors have created an excellent opportunity for companies in this space. As public perceptions continue to rise, investments in cannabis companies may become more attractive to retail and accredited investors. Projections show that by 2028, cannabis will be an industry worth $70.8 billion globally


The passing of the JOBS Act in 2012, and its subsequent amendments, have made it easier for companies to raise money from investors. But can cannabis companies use RegCF to raise money? The answer is yes, but there are a few things they need to keep in mind. In this blog post, we’ll take a closer look at how cannabis companies can use RegCF to raise money and how it can benefit companies and investors alike.


RegCF and Cannabis


Crowdfunding has become a popular way to raise money, especially for small businesses and startups. It’s a way to get funding from a large pool of investors, each contributing a small amount of money. This can be helpful for companies looking to forego traditional funding sources, like venture capitalists or angel investors. Another factor contributing to the growing popularity of RegCF for cannabis companies is the growing legalization of cannabis products, especially across the United States and Canada.


RegCF is an exemption from securities laws that companies use to raise money from the public, without having to be registered as a publicly-traded company. This allows greater access to capital, without having to go through the arduous and expensive process of going through an IPO. 


So far, RegCF has been a successful way for cannabis companies to raise money, especially in an industry where traditional loans or going public may not be an option. The benefits of cannabis companies using RegCF to raise capital are:


  • Raising money from accredited and non-accredited investors.
  • Reaching a large number of potential investors through online platforms.
  • Enabling founders to retain more ownership of their company, while raising needed capital.


RegCF is a flexible way for all-sized companies to get funding, and it’s helping to fuel the growth of the cannabis industry. 


Growing with RegCF


The premise of the JOBS Act was to fuel the economy, create jobs, and allow startups to flourish. Cannabis companies can now capitalize on the success other companies have had using RegCF over the past decade and cannabis companies are seeing exciting potential in this ability. This democratization of capital will help fuel the industry’s growth and create jobs. In addition, RegCF provides a cost-effective way to raise money, which is critical for early-stage companies. The future looks bright for RegCF and cannabis companies as more states legalize marijuana and businesses continue to enter the space. The industry is still in its early stages, and RegCF provides an excellent opportunity for companies to raise the capital they need to grow.

How Does A Convertible Note Work?

This article was originally written by our KorePartners at Raise Green. View the original article here

A Cornerstone of Regulation Crowdfunding

Convertible notes are a form of debt that converts to equity over time; said simply, convertible notes allow investors to loan money to a startup or early stage venture and receive equity in return, instead of their principal loan plus interest.

The greatest advantage of convertible notes is that investors and the note issuer do not have to finalize a valuation of the company at an early stage, which is especially important for companies that don’t have comprehensive data or time that allows an accurate valuation. Instead, investors “loan” their money to the business and in return will receive equity when an event, such as a future financing round, where the company’s valuation becomes more concrete. This type of security is very popular with Silicon Valley technology companies that have great interest from angel investors at an early stage, but lack the ability to make a proper valuation of the company’s worth.

Investing In A Convertible Note

So you’ve identified a compelling company that’s offering the sale of convertible notes for early stage fundraising. You’re interested in purchasing one or some of these convertible notes, but where do you start? It’s important to understand the terms of a convertible note before you invest.

Here’s the main aspects of a convertible note to know before you make any investment decisions.

Discount Rate

The discount rate represents the discount that you receive when purchasing a note relative to investors in a later round of funding, compensating investors for their additional risk taken by investing at an earlier point.

Valuation Cap

The valuation cap is an extra bonus for taking on risk by investing early. This tool limits the price at which your debt notes convert to equity, allowing investors to receive a greater return on their investment if the issuing company grows quickly.

Interest rate

As a convertible note acts as a loan from you (the investor) to the company issuing the note, there will be interest that accrues on the principal amount you invest. Instead of being paid out to investors in cash, this accrued interest converts to equity, increasing the total number of shares the investor receives upon the note’s conversion to equity.

Maturity date

This is the “due date” for the convertible note, signifying the date on which the issuing company must repay their investors.

Why Purchase a Convertible Note?

Convertible notes allow you to invest in early stage companies and projects that you believe have the opportunity to grow exponentially. By getting in at the ground floor and purchasing a convertible note, individual investors stand to earn a higher return on their investment. Whereas investing in early stage startups and projects has historically been off limits to the wider public, Regulation Crowdfunding now allows almost everyone to invest in companies that have the possibility to grow exponentially. Convertible notes carry risk like all forms of investing, but offer early investors bonuses for their willingness to accept this risk. As many companies and projects in the climate space are young and need funding, convertible notes provide a simple way for these businesses to raise capital that they desperately need, while offering their early believers a way to get them off the ground.

Online is Proving Successful for Minority Founders

Minority-owned startups are proving to be incredibly successful in gaining exposure on online platforms, growing their customer base and raising capital. In 2021, funding from crowd raising grew 33.7%, showing the increasing use of online fundraising.

A Lack of Diversity in Traditional Capital 

Online platforms for startup investing are more inclusive than traditional options. They don’t rely as heavily on already established personal relationships and networks between founders and investors. Instead, they provide a level playing field for all types of founders online.

These entrepreneurs can now get the funding to launch or expand their businesses through RegA+ and RegCF. Online startup investing platforms are also transparent, allowing founders to see which startups are doing well and which ones aren’t. This information was often hidden from view by traditional VCs, which could lead to bias. 

The Internet is Improving Equity Crowdfunding for Minorities

In 2020, only 2.6% of VC dollars were invested in minority-founded businesses. However, over $486 million were invested through online startups in 2021 – a significantly higher sum than traditional VC investment. Through regulations like RegA+ and RegCF, investors have the opportunity to invest in promising startups led by underrepresented founders. These online platforms level the playing field, allowing minority founders to receive the support and capital funding they need to succeed.

As more investors engage with these platforms and more promising startups seek funding through regulations, we will see continued growth in minority-founded companies receiving the support they deserve. Overall, online startup investing has the potential to create a more diverse and dynamic VC landscape – one that better reflects the diversity of several markets.

The Future of Online Funding

There are several reasons why online fundraising is such a valuable tool for minority entrepreneurs. In the past, minority entrepreneurs have often been shut out of traditional funding sources. Also, they have often been pigeon-holed into stereotypes by the mainstream media. But with online fundraising, they can bypass the traditional gatekeepers and structural obstacles, speaking directly to potential investors. They can tell their own stories and showcase the unique strengths of their businesses.

As the world becomes more digital, so too does entrepreneurship. This is especially apparent in how online fundraising is helping businesses of all sizes to raise money. It’s also becoming an increasingly important tool for these minority entrepreneurs.

KorePartner Spotlight: Nate Dodson, Managing Member at Crowdfunding Lawyers

Nate Dodson has over 15 years of experience helping clients with securities, financing, real estate, asset protection, and mergers and acquisitions. Not only has he served as an advisor in real estate transactions, financing, and investments, but he has also successfully developed ground-up commercial properties and participated on the GP side of approximately 4,000 multifamily units over the years.

Before his legal career, Nate worked as a stockbroker, giving him unique experience in investment sales, structures, and asset protection. By leveraging his industry expertise and the help from his long list of trusted connections, he has personally represented over $2 billion in real estate and business funding transactions over the years. While Nate’s full-time efforts are focused on the securities practice with and management of Crowdfunding Lawyers, he remains a partner at his diversified namesake law firm Dodson Legal Group, founded in 2007 and focusing on transactional, litigation, and family law work. Between both firms, their experienced legal teams have represented more than $5 billion in transactions.

Crowdfunding Lawyers is a boutique law firm focusing exclusively on representing securities transactions across the United States. As a specialty-focus law firm, the firm works with investment sponsors/operators and their advisors to develop capital funding strategies, investment offerings, and securities platforms. By taking a unique team-based approach to the firm’s client services, their clients work with a multitude of experienced, dedicated securities attorneys in the representation of Regulation D, Regulation A, Regulation CF, and S1/S3 public (IPO) offerings. The firm has provided services to 1,000+ clients, and its attorneys have, with CFL or through prior engagements, many billions in capital transactions over their respective careers. Because Crowdfunding Lawyers’ focus is limited to federal securities laws, they regularly coordinate with local attorneys and tax counsel to ensure well-rounded representation for clients. However, the firm’s attorneys have considerable experience in real estate, business, regulatory, and finance transactions and activities.

Nate’s experience with crowdfunding makes him a valuable addition to the KoreConX ecosystem. He is passionate about providing regulatory clarity across jurisdictions to ensure raises are compliant and efficient. His ultimate goal is to help investors and businesses succeed in the digital age.

We took some time to speak with Nate and learn more about himself, his organization, and his thoughts on the future of crowdfunding.

What services do Crowdfunding Lawyers provide for Regulation A offerings?

We handle the legal process from beginning structuring throughout the qualification process for Regulation A offerings. We never expect our clients to come to the table with anything other than their plans and ideas. After structuring, we draft all the documents and form any needed entities. Our goal is to file Form 1-A with the SEC within 45 days of engagement.

Because our services are comprehensive, we’ll start with consulting on our client’s business plans and advise the best strategies and structure for funding through a Reg A offering. We also introduce our clients to great vendor partners and team members, like KoreConx.

To meet our self-imposed 45-day timeline, we ensure that we have complete information, including broker-dealers, if involved, or financial audits and introductions are made when appropriate.

How is a partnership with KoreConX the right fit for your company?

We love working with KoreConX and refer to them regularly to serve as the transfer agent for our Reg A offerings. It is essential to have a good transfer agent system involved, as they manage your investors and investment opportunity administration.

KoreConX is not an attorney. Crowdfunding Lawyers is not a transfer agent. Both are necessary for your success with your Regulation A offering.

What excites you about this industry?

Our entire team has a passion for the investment industry, but we’re not a diversified firm. We have a team of very qualified attorneys that solely focus on securities transactions. All of our attorneys come from prestigious law schools and have worked in the legal field for years. If they are newer in the securities realm, it’s only because they have so much experience in startups, entrepreneurship, real estate, investing, and corporate law. Our attorneys have similar impressive pasts and a drive for our client’s success. 

As an example, I worked as a stockbroker until the internet stock bubble burst around 2000, selling investments on the phones before crowdfunding became available after the JOBS Act of 2012.

What services do Crowdfunding Lawyers provide that are different?

We always spend substantial time in the initial stages of representation, where we get to know our clients and their business. We strive to structure your opportunity so that you can meet both market expectations as well as investor expectations, and our client’s primary goal is to get funded faster.

While we focus heavily on real estate funds and syndications, approximately one-third of our clients are focused on business and investment funds. With our real estate fund representations, we often represent Regulation A offerings for REITs (Real Estate Investment Trusts) and series LLC offerings. Our clients can replicate their traditional syndication model with Reg A series offerings by breaking down the Regulation A offerings into unique project-specific classes. This is where our clients can continue to offer a real estate syndication model with all the benefits of placing offerings through Regulation A, which is a different twist on setting up a $75 million blind-pool fund.


How Regulation Crowdfunding Will Reach $5 Billion

“We are adopting amendments to facilitate capital formation and increase opportunities for investors by expanding access to capital for small and medium-sized businesses and entrepreneurs across the United States.” – SEC, 2021


The continuous maturation of the crowdfunding industry has resulted in growth in the development of businesses and innovation. Since 2016, there have been 4,683 capital offerings, a third of which happened in 2021. This increase in crowdfunding spurs entrepreneurship while allowing startups to bring new technologies to market that will have a lasting impact. With over $775 million raised in crowdfunded investments in 2021 alone, this brings the total value of investments to $1.7B. This capital raised fuels companies to grow, create jobs, and positively impact their communities.


Growing with Crowdfunding

Before Regulation CF (RegCF), it was challenging for early-stage companies to access the capital they needed since it was often cost-prohibitive. However, this capital is essential for companies to succeed. Regulated crowdfunding is a robust tool for businesses to secure funding, with an average of 43.8% of pre-revenue startups being successful using this method of fundraising. Crowdfunding utilization has been steadily increasing since 2016, but in 2020 the success of startup companies declined to 39% due to COVID. This rebounded in 2021, with overall company success improving and 37% of all capital raised to new-revenue corporations.


Crowdfunded Capital

Out of 4,131 companies that have received crowdfunded capital, 2,700 were able to fund enough to innovate in their industry. Ninety-six of these organizations obtained three or more rounds of VC attention utilizing crowdfunding to improve their reach and innovation. With over 1 billion in capital deployed at an average of 1.3 million, these businesses create innovation and bring economic change to local communities.


An estimated $2.5 billion was pumped into local communities from crowdfunding companies in 2021, with money flowing as many as six times before leaving the local economy. Another way investment crowdfunding brings money to a community is by creating jobs; companies that utilize regulated crowdfunding support over 250,000 American jobs across 466 various industries. Crowdfunding helps industries grow and prosper, with 28% of funding going to manufacturing industries in the USA to rebuild the American manufacturing industry. Innovation grows with successful crowdfunding, with over 24% of capital being spent on IT services that make our future.


The Future of Innovation


With substantial growth in hundreds of industries, crowdfunding supplies businesses with the tools to simplify their success. With sizable exits leading to media and returns coverage, over $1 billion has been funded in over 2,500 offerings. This has led to other changes in the market, like a rise in technical innovations and digital assets like NFTs, which has also increased the growth of a secondary market.


Crowdfunding is an essential resource for startups, allowing companies to raise capital and turn dreams into reality. Crowdfunding efforts are an investment opportunity that helps organizations reach their goal by gaining the means to build an innovative business. We have seen the growth to $1 billion in record time, following the increase in investment limits earlier this year. Continual innovation and crowdfunding support will only help drive successful raises forward towards $5B.

Investing in Startups 101

This article was originally written by our KorePartners at StartEngine. You can view the post here

The high-speed world of startups, and the risks of investing in them, are well documented, but startup investing can be complicated and there is a lot of information you should know before making your first investment.

This article will try to answer the question “why should you invest in a startup?” by giving you information about the process and what to expect from investing in an early-stage business.

Why invest in startups?

Through equity crowdfunding, you can support and invest in startups that you are passionate about. This is different than helping a company raise capital via Kickstarter. You aren’t just buying their product or merch. You are buying a piece of that company. When you invest on StartEngine, you own part of that company, whether it’s one you are a loyal customer of, a local business you want to support, or an idea you believe in.

Investing in startups means that you get to support entrepreneurs and be a part of the entrepreneurial community, which can provide its own level of excitement. You also support the economy and job creation: in fact, startups and small businesses account for 64% of new job creation in the US.

In other words, you are funding the future. And by doing so, you may make money on your investment.

But here’s the bad news: 90% of startups fail. With those odds, you’re more than likely to lose the money you invest in a startup.

However, the 10% of startups that do succeed can provide an outsized return on the initial investment. In fact, when VCs invest, they are looking for only a few “home run” investments to make up for the losses that will compose the majority of their portfolio. Even the pros expect a low batting average when investing in startups.

This is why the concept of diversifying your portfolio is important in the context of startup investing. Statistically, the more startup investments you make, the more likely you are to see better returns through your portfolio. Data collected across 10,000 Angellist portfolios supports this idea. In other words, the old piece of advice “don’t put all your eggs in one basket” holds true when investing in startups.

Who can invest in startups?

Traditionally, startup investing was not available to the general public. Only accredited investors had access to startup investment opportunities. Accredited investors are those who:

  • Have made over $200,000 in annual salary for the past two years ($300,000 if combined with a spouse), or
  • Have over $1M in net worth, excluding their primary residence

That meant only an estimated 10% of US households had access to these opportunities. Equity crowdfunding changes all of that and levels the playing field. On platforms like StartEngine, anyone over the age of 18 can invest in early-stage companies.

What are you buying?

The Breakdown of Securities Offered via Reg CF as of December 31, 2020

When you invest in startups, you can invest through different types of securities. Those include:

  • Common stock, the simplest form of equity. Common stock, or shares, give you ownership in a company. The more you buy, the greater the percentage of the company you own. If the company grows in value, what you own is worth more, and if it shrinks, what you own is worth less.
  • Debt, essentially a loan. You, the investor, purchase promissory notes and become the lender. The company then has to pay back your loan within a predetermined time window with interest.
  • Convertible notes, debt that converts into equity. You buy debt from the company and earn interest on that debt until an established maturity date, at which point the debt either converts into equity or is paid back to you in cash.
  • SAFEs, a variation of convertible note. SAFEs offer less protection for investors (in fact, we don’t allow them on StartEngine) and include no provisions about cash payout, so you as an investor are dependent upon the SAFE converting into equity, which may or may not occur at some point in the future.

Most of the companies on StartEngine sell a form of equity, so the rest of this article will largely focus on equity investments.

How can a company become successful if they only raise $X?

Startup funding generally works in funding rounds, meaning that a company raises capital several times over the course of their life span. A company just starting out won’t raise $10M because there’s no indication that it would be a good investment. Why would someone invest $10M in something totally unproven?

Instead, that new company may raise a few hundred thousand dollars in order to develop proof-of-concept, make a few initial hires, acquire their first users, or reach any other significant business developments in order to “unlock” the next round of capital.

In essence, with each growth benchmark a company is able to clear, they are able to raise more money to sustain their growth trajectory. In general, each funding round is bigger than the previous round to meet those goals.

When do companies stop raising money? When their revenue reaches a point where the company becomes profitable enough that they no longer need to raise capital to grow at the speed they want to.

What happens to my equity investment if a company raises more money later?

If you invest in an early funding round of a startup and a year or two later that same company is raising more money, what happens to your investment? If things are going well, you will experience what is known as “dilution.” This is a normal process as long as the company is growing.

The shares you own are still yours, but new shares are issued to new buyers in the next funding round. This means that the number of shares you own is now a smaller percentage of the whole, and this is true for everyone who already holds shares, including the company’s founders.

However, this isn’t a problem in itself. If the company is doing well, in the next funding round, the company will have a higher valuation and possibly a different price per share. This means that while you now own a smaller slice of the total pie, the pie is bigger than what it was before, so your shares are worth more than they were previously too. Everybody wins.

If the company isn’t growing though, it leads to what is known as a down round. A down round is when a company raises more capital but at a lower valuation, which can increase the rate of dilution as well as reduce the value of investors’ holdings

How can I make money off a startup investment?

Traditionally, there are two ways investors can “exit” their investment. The first is through a merger/acquisition. If another company acquires the one you invested in, they will often offer a premium to buy your shares and so secure a controlling ownership percentage in the company. Sometimes your shares will be exchanged at dollar value for shares in the acquiring company.

The other traditional form of an exit is if a company does an initial public offering and becomes one of the ~4,000 publicly trading companies in the US. Then an investor can sell their shares on a national exchange.

Those events can take anywhere from 5-10 years to occur. This creates an important difference between startup investing and investing in companies on the public market: the time horizon is different.

When investing in a public company, you can choose to sell that investment at any time. However, startup investments are illiquid, and you may not be able to exit that investment for years.

However, equity crowdfunding can provide an alternative to both of these options: the shares sold through equity crowdfunding are tradable immediately (for Regulation A+) and after one year (for Regulation Crowdfunding) on alternative trading systems (ATS), if the company chooses to quote its shares on an ATS. This theoretically reduces the risk of that investment as well because the longer an investment is locked up, the greater the chance something unpredictable can happen.


Investing in startups is risky, but it is an exciting way to diversify your portfolio and join an entrepreneur’s journey.